Psittacula derbyana

Psittacula
derbyana

[Fraser 1852]

Derbyan
Parakeet

1.
Psittacula derbyana derbyana

(Fraser 1852)

Tibetian
Derbyan Parakeet

Description:
General plumage green; lores and lower cheek area black; head violet-blue; breast,
abdomen, under wing-coverts and parts of thighs greyish deep-blue; middle tail-feathers
blue with green base; outer tail-feathers green with blue edging; upper mandible
red with yellowish tips, lower mandible black; iris pale yellow; feet grey.

Hen with brownish band
behind ear-coverts, slightly paler abdomen plumage and black upper mandible.

Immatures with green crown
and nape; upper and lower mandible in both cock and hen pink changes to black;
iris dark; young cocks with slightly paler Sabdomen plumage; adult plumage attained
by two years.

Length:
50 cm, wing length 208 – 228 mm, tail length 207 – 266 mm.


Distribution:
Northeast Assam, Southeast Tibet and Southwest China in provinces of Swechwan
and Yunnan.

2.
Psittacula derbyana chinensis

(Rana 2001)

Chinese
Derbyan Parakeet

Note:
Psittacula derbyana chinensis is officially unkown as a subspecie of the
Derbyan parakeet.

Description:
As derbyana,
but slightly smaller;

head duller violet-blue, more greyisch; breast, abdomen, under wing-coverts and
parts of thighs
greyisch-brown;
upper mandible slightly duller red with yellowish tips, lower mandible black;
iris pale yellow; feet light grey
.


Hen with brownish band behind
ear-coverts, slightly paler abdomen plumage and black upper mandible.

Length:
50 cm, wing length 208 – 228 mm, tail length 207 – 266 mm.

Distribution:
Unknown.
Probably
Southwest China in provinces of Swechwan and Yunnan and Northern Burma expected.

Psittacula columboides


Habitat: Evergreen forest and humid montane
forest between 450 m and 1,600 m; occasionally also in humid lowland forest; visits
coffee, tea, rubber and fruit plantations; forages in cultivated areas.

Status: Fairly
common; population decline through habitat loss.

Behaviour:
Usually in small groups of 4 to 5 birds; occasionally
also in small flocks; noisy; mostly noticed because of calling; almost always
found in tops of tall trees; there difficult to detect; only comes down to ground
in grain fields; flight swift and straight; harsh, raucous call differs considerably
from that of Plum-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala), which is also
found in some localities.


Call: Harsh, raucous call differs considerably from that of Plum-headed
Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)

Natural
diet:
Seeds, fruits (figs), small nuts, berries, leaf
buds, flowers, pollen and nectar; regularly visits Erythrina and Grevillea for
pollen and nectar.

Nesting:
Breeding season from January to March; prefers to nest in tall ironwood trees
(Mesua ferrea); uses old woodpecker and barbet nestholes, which are sometimes
enlarged; nest lined with wood dust and small pieces of wood; clutch 3 to 4 eggs;
egg measures 28.3 x 24.5 mm.

Aviculture:
Medium-noisy parakeet only occasionally noisy; initially shy; becomes confiding
slowly; newly imported bird very susceptible; must be acclimatised carefully;
only active in spacious aviary; communal aviary with other Psittacula species
only possible outside breeding season; bathes little; but enjoys light rain in
outside flight; likes nibbling fresh branches; occasionally aggressive to partner;
sensitive to cold, wet conditions.

Accommodation:
Outside flight 3 x 1 x 2 m with adjoining inside aviary; can be planted; minimum
temperature 10°C, not less than 24°C during acclimatisation; provide
roosting box (22 x 22 x 60 cm).

Diet:
Seed mix of safflower, wild bird food, buckwheat, some sunflower, various millets,
canary grass seed, oats and hemp; millet spray, also sprouted; plenty of fruit
(mango, apple, pear, figs, grapefruit); greenfood and vegetables (carrot, capsicum,
cucumber); eggfood and biscuit for rearing.

Clutch:
3 – 4 eggs.

Incubation:
23 days.

Breeding:
Seldom achieved; clutch 3 to 4 eggs; incubation 23 days;
fledging period 6 weeks; young independent after 21 days; cock occasionally aggressive
towards hen; sometimes sensitive to nestbox inspection.

Mutations:
There are rumors about a Lutino mutation in the Wild.

Psittacula caniceps

Psittacula
caniceps

[Blyth 1846]

Blyth’s
Parakeet

Psittacula
caniceps
(Blyth 1846)

Description:
Green; head grey; nape and crown with faint blue tinge; cheeks and ear-coverts
with light yellowish tinge; chin, broad stripe to cheek, lores and forehead black;
upperside of middle tail-feathers green tinged with grey and with yellow tips,
outer tail-feathers green; underside of tail-feathers green-olive yellowish; upper
mandible red, lower mandible black; iris orange-red; feet grey.


Hen as cock, but nape and crown
suffused strongly with blue; both upper and lower mandible black; middle tail-feathers
on average noticably shorter.

Length:
56 cm, wing length 202 – 222 mm, tail length 241 – 378
mm.

Distribution:
Great Nicobar, Little Nicobar, Montschall and Kondul
in
Nicobar Islands.

3

http://www.psittacula-world.com/EN/Species/P-calthorpae.htm

Psittacula alexandri

Psittacula
alexandri
[Linné
1758]

Moustached
Parakeet

1.
Psittacula alexandri alexandri

(Linné 1758)

Java
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
Upperparts green; median wing-coverts
green-yellow; head grey with marked bluish tinge; around the
eye’s washed with green; hindneck emerald green; chin, cheek-stripe
and narrow line over forehead to eye black; throat, breast and
upper abdomen salmonpink; lower abdomen and under tail-coverts
green with variable blue tinge; under wing-coverts pale green;
upperside of middle tail-feathers blue with greenyellow tips,
outer tail-feathers bluegreen; tail underside dirty oliveyellowish;
upper and lower mandible coral red with pale tip; iris pale
yellow; feet grey.


Hen as cock with red upper and lower mandible, but salmon-pink
breast duller; middle tail-feathers on average shorter; hen
shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Immatures
green with whitish forehead and incomplete black cheek-stripe;
median wing-coverts with yellow-green tinge; tail noticeably
shorter; bill pale red in very young birds.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 145 – 166 mm, tail length 129 – 191 mm.

Distribution:
Java and Bali, Indonesia; also occurs in Southern Borneo where
it was probably intoduced from Java.

2.
Psittacula
alexandri
fasciata
(P.L.S. Müller
1776)

Indian
Moustached
Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but breast and upper abdomen darker pink
and lightly lilac-blue tinged; head uniformly greyblue; eye
and forehead areas with greenish tinge; lower abdomen green
lightly tinged blue; upper mandible red, lower mandible black.

Hen
as cock, but breast and upper abdomen darker pink without lilac-blue
tinge; ; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck;

upper and lower mandible black.

Immatures
with green-grey head and black forehead and cheek markings;
but without pink breast; bill pink until the first few months
after leaving nest, then becomes dark brown to black; final
colour attained around 14 months.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 153 – 171 mm, tail length 140 – 192 mm.

Distribution:
Northern India from Dehra Dun area eastwards
over Nepal to Assam, East Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma, Thailand,
Indochina and Southern China in the provinces of Yunnan and
Kwangsi; also Hainan Island and Mergui Archipelago.

3.
Psittacula
alexandri
major
(Richmond 1902)

Babi
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly paler; grey head without
bluish tinge; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast
and upper abdomen darker pink; less salmon-colour and without
lilac-blue tinge; bill colouration as in fasciata; noticeably
larger.

Hen
as cock but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
38 cm, wing length 187 – 203 mm, tail length 178 – 229 mm.

Distribution:
Babi and Lasia Islands, Indonesia.

4.
Psittacula
alexandri
cala
(Oberholser 1912)

Simeulean
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly
paler; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast and
upper abdomen darker pink, less salmon-colour and without lilacblue
tinge; lower abdomen strongly washed pale blue; bill colouration
as in fasciata; slightly larger.

Hen
as cock, but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 168 – 185 mm, tail length 159 – 197 mm.

Distribution:
Simeulue Island, Indonesia.

5.
Psittacula
alexandri
perionca
(Oberholser
1912)

Nias
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly paler; grey head without
bluish tinge; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast
and upper abdomen darker pink, less salmon-coloured and without
lilacblue tinge; lower abdomen paler and more yellowishgreen;
bill colouration as in fasciata; larger.

Hen
as cock, but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
37 cm, wing length 171 – 194 mm, tail
length 159 – 227 mm.

Distribution:
Nias Island, Indonesia.

6.
Psittacula
alexandri
abotti
(Oberholser
1919)

Andaman
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage generally much paler; grey head
with only light lilacblue tinge; breast and upper abdomen pale
salmonpink washed lightly with lilacblue; bill colouration as
in fasciata; larger.

Hen
as cock, but breast and abdomen without lilac-blue tinge; hen
shows a salmon-pink line in the neck; upper and lower mandible
black.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 163 – 181 mm, tail
length 160 – 206 mm.

Distribution:
Andaman Islands

7.
Psittacula
alexandri
dammermani
(Chasen und
Kloss 1932)

Dammerman’s
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but larger and
with heavier bill; salmon-pink breast and abdomen feathers slightly
darker in some birds; upper and lower mandible red.

Hen
as cock, but breast and abdomen duller; upper and lower mandible
pale red; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 172 – 180 mm, tail length 161 – 218 mm

Distribution:
Karimundjawa Island, Indonesia.

8.
Psittacula
alexandri
kangeanensis
(Hoogerwerf
1962)

Kangean
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but with only faint blue tinge to head;
median wing-coverts brighter and more extensive yellowish; bill
heavier; upper and lower mandible red; bill slightly heavier
than in dammermani.

Hen
as cock, but breast slightly paler; upper and lower mandible
red; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 158 – 161 mm, tail length 153 – 180 mm.

Distribution:
Kangean Island, Indonesia.