Psittacula alexandri

Psittacula
alexandri
[Linné
1758]

Moustached
Parakeet

1.
Psittacula alexandri alexandri

(Linné 1758)

Java
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
Upperparts green; median wing-coverts
green-yellow; head grey with marked bluish tinge; around the
eye’s washed with green; hindneck emerald green; chin, cheek-stripe
and narrow line over forehead to eye black; throat, breast and
upper abdomen salmonpink; lower abdomen and under tail-coverts
green with variable blue tinge; under wing-coverts pale green;
upperside of middle tail-feathers blue with greenyellow tips,
outer tail-feathers bluegreen; tail underside dirty oliveyellowish;
upper and lower mandible coral red with pale tip; iris pale
yellow; feet grey.


Hen as cock with red upper and lower mandible, but salmon-pink
breast duller; middle tail-feathers on average shorter; hen
shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Immatures
green with whitish forehead and incomplete black cheek-stripe;
median wing-coverts with yellow-green tinge; tail noticeably
shorter; bill pale red in very young birds.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 145 – 166 mm, tail length 129 – 191 mm.

Distribution:
Java and Bali, Indonesia; also occurs in Southern Borneo where
it was probably intoduced from Java.

2.
Psittacula
alexandri
fasciata
(P.L.S. Müller
1776)

Indian
Moustached
Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but breast and upper abdomen darker pink
and lightly lilac-blue tinged; head uniformly greyblue; eye
and forehead areas with greenish tinge; lower abdomen green
lightly tinged blue; upper mandible red, lower mandible black.

Hen
as cock, but breast and upper abdomen darker pink without lilac-blue
tinge; ; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck;

upper and lower mandible black.

Immatures
with green-grey head and black forehead and cheek markings;
but without pink breast; bill pink until the first few months
after leaving nest, then becomes dark brown to black; final
colour attained around 14 months.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 153 – 171 mm, tail length 140 – 192 mm.

Distribution:
Northern India from Dehra Dun area eastwards
over Nepal to Assam, East Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma, Thailand,
Indochina and Southern China in the provinces of Yunnan and
Kwangsi; also Hainan Island and Mergui Archipelago.

3.
Psittacula
alexandri
major
(Richmond 1902)

Babi
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly paler; grey head without
bluish tinge; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast
and upper abdomen darker pink; less salmon-colour and without
lilac-blue tinge; bill colouration as in fasciata; noticeably
larger.

Hen
as cock but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
38 cm, wing length 187 – 203 mm, tail length 178 – 229 mm.

Distribution:
Babi and Lasia Islands, Indonesia.

4.
Psittacula
alexandri
cala
(Oberholser 1912)

Simeulean
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly
paler; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast and
upper abdomen darker pink, less salmon-colour and without lilacblue
tinge; lower abdomen strongly washed pale blue; bill colouration
as in fasciata; slightly larger.

Hen
as cock, but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 168 – 185 mm, tail length 159 – 197 mm.

Distribution:
Simeulue Island, Indonesia.

5.
Psittacula
alexandri
perionca
(Oberholser
1912)

Nias
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage slightly paler; grey head without
bluish tinge; forehead and eye areas without green tinge; breast
and upper abdomen darker pink, less salmon-coloured and without
lilacblue tinge; lower abdomen paler and more yellowishgreen;
bill colouration as in fasciata; larger.

Hen
as cock, but upper and lower mandible black; hen shows a salmon-pink
line in the neck.

Length:
37 cm, wing length 171 – 194 mm, tail
length 159 – 227 mm.

Distribution:
Nias Island, Indonesia.

6.
Psittacula
alexandri
abotti
(Oberholser
1919)

Andaman
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As fasciata, but plumage generally much paler; grey head
with only light lilacblue tinge; breast and upper abdomen pale
salmonpink washed lightly with lilacblue; bill colouration as
in fasciata; larger.

Hen
as cock, but breast and abdomen without lilac-blue tinge; hen
shows a salmon-pink line in the neck; upper and lower mandible
black.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 163 – 181 mm, tail
length 160 – 206 mm.

Distribution:
Andaman Islands

7.
Psittacula
alexandri
dammermani
(Chasen und
Kloss 1932)

Dammerman’s
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but larger and
with heavier bill; salmon-pink breast and abdomen feathers slightly
darker in some birds; upper and lower mandible red.

Hen
as cock, but breast and abdomen duller; upper and lower mandible
pale red; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Length:
36 cm, wing length 172 – 180 mm, tail length 161 – 218 mm

Distribution:
Karimundjawa Island, Indonesia.

8.
Psittacula
alexandri
kangeanensis
(Hoogerwerf
1962)

Kangean
Moustached Parakeet

Description:
As alexandri, but with only faint blue tinge to head;
median wing-coverts brighter and more extensive yellowish; bill
heavier; upper and lower mandible red; bill slightly heavier
than in dammermani.

Hen
as cock, but breast slightly paler; upper and lower mandible
red; hen shows a salmon-pink line in the neck.

Length:
33 cm, wing length 158 – 161 mm, tail length 153 – 180 mm.

Distribution:
Kangean Island, Indonesia.

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